Emergency plug headers.
Type 1 and type 2
The standardisation of two types of plugs in the automotive industry are as follows; type 1: SAE J1772 and type 2: IEC62196
What is the standard of type 1: SAE J1772.
Type 1 SAE J1772, known as a "J-plug", is a North American standard for electrical connectors in electric vehicles. SAE J1772 (IEC Type 1), is designed for single-phase electrical systems with 120V or 240V as being used in North America and Japan.
What is the standard of type 2: IEC62196.
IEC 62196 Type 2 connector (also called Mennekes) is used for charging electric cars within Europe. The electric current is supplied as a single-phase or three-phase alternating current (AC). The IEC 62196 Type 2 connector has been selected by the European Commission as the official charging plug within the European Union. The type 2 is the recommended connector in some countries outside of Europe, including New Zealand.
Type 1 and type 2 and the Emergency plug.
The two connectors on the Emergency plug are based on the type 1 and 2 connectors. To ensure that the Emergency Plug is not locked and does not come into contact with the high voltage part, the connectors have been slightly adjusted. Below are the connectors type 1 and type 2 as they are being produced on a charging plug with the connections on either side on the Emergency Plug.
Fast charging variants
Fast charging system.
To charge an electric vehicle faster, direct current is used instead of alternating current. Other connections are needed for this. The variants that are based on type 1 and type 2 are named CCS1 and CCS2. It will therefore recognize the part of the type 1 and type 2. In addition, there are also fast charging systems where one has to connect an extra charging plug to the DCpower supply. These connections are GB/T, CHAdeMO and Supercharger (Tesla)
What is the CCS1 or CCS2 standard
The name CCS1 and CCS2 is an abbreviation of Combined Charging System (CCS) and whether it is an aggregation with a type 1 or type 2. The Combined Charging System (CCS) charges electric vehicles by using the Combo 1 and Combo 2 connectors extended with two additional DC contacts under the existing AC and communication contacts.
In both cases, communication and protective earth functions are subjected under the original type 1 or 2 part of the connector. Car manufacturers that support CCS2 include: Jaguar, Renault, Volkswagen Group, General Motors, Tesla, BMW, Daimler, Ford, FCA, Daimler, Kia and Hyundai.
CCS1 chargers are mainly used in north and central America, Korea and Taiwan, while the CCS2 are used mainly in the Americas, Europe, South Africa, Arabia, India, Oceania and Australia
GB/T, CHAdeMO and Supercharger.
For direct current or DC charging, GB/T, CHAdeMO in Japan are used in China and Tesla uses the Supercharger connection. These connectors are used in combination with a type 1 or type 2 connection that provides the communication.
Overview of plug connections
Below are the different plug connectors which are in use. The DC connectors are as described on page 1, a combination with the standard type 1 and type 2 or a plug with an extra connector.
In the table you will find the different combinations and which side of the Emergency plug you should apply.